YELLOW WARBLER – (Setophaga petechia)
The Yellow Warbler males are bright yellow with brown streaks on their under parts. The eyes are black. Females are also yellow, but not as intensely. As other warblers this one feeds on insects. The yellow warbler is around 12 cm (5 in.) long.
Warblers are thus called thanks to their generally melodious songs. The genus Latin name ‘Setophaga’ means ‘to eat moths’, in reference to the bird’s diet, and the species name ‘petechia’ means a ‘red spot’, in reference to the plumage streaks.
The yellow warbler can be found in forests near wetlands. The nest is frequently parasitized by the Brown-headed Cowbird. Since the warbler can’t remove the alien egg, it will build another nest on top of the first one. Cases have been observed with several such nests on top of each other. Around 50% of the yellow warbler population breeds in Canada.
The Yellow warbler is widespread over a vast area of Canada and the USA in the summer, and is very common in PEI during spring and summer. The birds migrate to Central America and the northern part of South America for the winter.