YELLOW-RUMPED WARBLER – (Setophaga coronata)
The Yellow-rumped warbler is fairly large (for a warbler) with a length of approximately 15 cm (6 in.). In addition to the yellow rump, the male has a yellow patch on top of the head and one on each side of its body below the wings. It has a grey top with a black mask and a white throat. The central part of the breast and the rest of the under parts are white. There is a black vertical band on the breast between the white and the yellow markings. Females have duller colors with some brown streaking.
Warblers are thus called thanks to their generally melodious songs. The genus Latin name ‘Setophaga’ means ‘to eat moths’, which are part of the bird’s diet, and the species name ‘coronata’ means ‘crowned’, in reference to the male yellow crown.
The yellow-rumped warbler feeds on insects and also on berries, including ones containing wax such as bayberries, because it is able to digest that substance.
The yellow-rumped warbler is very common in PEI except in the winter. Its breeding range covers most of Canada. It is found more often in coniferous forests than deciduous ones. This bird migrates to the southern USA, Mexico and Central America.