YELLOW-RUMPED WARBLER

YELLOW-RUMPED WARBLER(Setophaga coronata) – (See images below)
DESCRIPTION: The Yellow-rumped Warbler male has a yellow rump and a yellow patch on top of the head, and one on each side of its body below the wings. It has a grey top with a black mask and a white throat. The central part of the breast and the rest of the under parts are white. There is a black vertical band on the breast between the white and the yellow markings. Females have duller colors with some brown streaking.  This is fairly large warbler with a length of approximately 15 cm (6 inches). There are four subspecies.
VOICE: https://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Setophaga-coronata
NAME: Warblers are thus called thanks to their generally melodious songs. The genus Latin name ‘Setophaga’ means ‘to eat moths’, which are part of the bird’s diet, and the species name ‘coronata’ means ‘crowned’, in reference to the male yellow crown.
HABITAT: Coniferous forests preferred, also deciduous woodlands.
DIET: The yellow-rumped warbler feeds on insects and also on berries, including ones containing wax such as bayberries, because it is able to digest that substance.
NESTING: The nest is located on a conifer (usually) branch. About four or five creamy eggs are laid, which are incubated generally by the female. Both parents feed the chicks.
DISTRIBUTION: The breeding range covers most of Canada. This bird migrates to the southern USA, Mexico and Central America for the winter.
Distribution map: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow-rumped_warbler#/media/File:Yellow-rumped_Warbler-rangemap.gif
ON PEI: The yellow-rumped warbler breeds on Prince Edward Island and is very common except in the winter.
CONSERVATION: This warbler species is widespread and common, and is currently not at risk.
SIMILAR SPECIES: Magnolia Warbler
REFERENCES: https://www.borealbirds.org/bird/yellow-rumped-warbler
https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Yellow-rumped_Warbler/id
https://www.mba-aom.ca/jsp/toc.jsp ( Maritimes Breeding Bird Atlas)
https://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/yellow-rumped-warbler
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow-rumped_warbler

Yellow-rumped warbler - Apr. 30, 2017 - by Matt Beardsley
Yellow-rumped warbler – Apr. 30, 2017 – by Matt Beardsley
Yellow-rumped Warbler - May 12, 2014 - © Kathy McCormack
Yellow-rumped Warbler – May 12, 2014 – © Kathy McCormack
Yellow-rumped Warbler, adult female - Souris area, PEI - May 17, 2017 - Sandra Meade
Yellow-rumped Warbler, adult female – Souris area, PEI – May 17, 2017 – Sandra Meade
Yellow-rumped warbler - Cavendish, PEI - Apr. 30, 2017 - by Matt Beardsley
Yellow-rumped warbler, front view – Cavendish, PEI – Apr. 30, 2017 – by Matt Beardsley

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