YELLOW-BELLIED FLYCATCHER

YELLOW-BELLIED FLYCATCHER(Empidonax flaviventris) – (See images below)
DESCRIPTION: The Yellow-bellied Flycatcher has yellowish under parts (hence the name) with grey flanks. Upper parts are grey-olive wings black with two narrow white bars. Narrow and pointed bill is grey on top and reddish under. Legs are grey. It has a white eye ring. Sexes are similar. Bird length around 12 cm (5 inches).
VOICE: https://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Empidonax-flaviventris
NAME: English name relates to bird’s color and diet behavior. Latin genus name ‘Empidonax’ translates for ‘king of the gnats’. Latin species name ‘flaviventris’ means ‘yellow belly’.
HABITAT: Humid coniferous forest.
DIET: Catches insects on the fly from a tree or pole perch, then returns to perch. Stand upright while perched.  Also feeds on spiders, seeds and berries.
NESTING:  Builds its nest on the ground in a sheltered location. Three to four white eggs are laid, incubated by the female. Chicks fed by both parents.
DISTRIBUTION: Breeding range includes most of boreal Canadian forest and northeast part of the USA. Winters in Mexico and Central America. Latecomer from migration.
Distribution map: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow-bellied_flycatcher#/media/File:Empidonax_flaviventris_map.svg
ON PEI: Breeds on Prince Edward Island, fairly common in the summer.
CONSERVATION: Population appears stable, around 14 million, not at risk.
SIMILAR SPECIES: Alder Flycatcher, Least Flycatcher
REFERENCES: https://www.borealbirds.org/bird/yellow-bellied-flycatcher
https://www.mba-aom.ca/jsp/toc.jsp (Maritimes Breeding Bird Atlas)
http://fieldguide.mt.gov/speciesDetail.aspx?elcode=ABPAE33010 (Montana Field Guide)
https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Empidonax_flaviventris/ (University of Michigan)
https://mountainbirds.vtecostudies.org/birds/yellow-bellied-flycatcher/ (Vermont Center for Ecostudies)
https://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/yellow-bellied-flycatcher
https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Yellow-bellied_Flycatcher/id

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher - Grands-Jardins National Park, QC - July 20, 2010 - Cephas
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher – Grands-Jardins National Park, QC – July 20, 2010 – Cephas

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