SUMMER TANAGER

SUMMER TANAGER (Piranga rubra) – (See images below)
DESCRIPTION: The Summer Tanager adult male is all red except for the wings and tail, which are reddish brown. Females are yellow-olive with green-brown wings and tail. Conical bill, legs and feet are grey-brown. Eyes are black. Bird length is about 15 cm (6 inches).
VOICE: https://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Piranga-rubra
NAME: ‘Tanager’ stems from ‘Tangara’, from Brazilian Tupi and refers to an unknown bird. Latin genus name ‘Piranga’ is also from Brazilian Tupi. ‘Summer’ was given to this species to differentiate it from the Cardinal (Choate). Latin species name ‘rubra’ means ‘red’.
HABITAT: Open forests with oaks.
DIET: Forages high in tree canopy for insects, sometimes caught on the fly. Also feeds on berries.
NESTING: Nest is a bowl-shaped structure built in a tree. Around three light blue-green eggs are laid, incubated by female. Chicks fed by both parents.
DISTRIBUTION: Breeds in southeast USA (mainly) and northern Mexico. Winters southern Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America and northwest South America.
Distribution Map: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Summer_tanager#/media/File:Piranga_rubra_map.svg
ON PEI: Does not breed on Prince Edward Island, sightings occasional in the spring.
CONSERVATION: Population widespread and relatively stable, currently not at risk.
SIMILAR SPECIES: Scarlet Tanager, Western Tanager
REFERENCES: https://www.thespruce.com/summer-tanager-profile-387208
https://nature.mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/summer-tanager (Missouri Department of Conservation)
http://fieldguide.mt.gov/speciesDetail.aspx?elcode=ABPBX45030 (Montana Field Guide)
https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Piranga_rubra/ (University of Michigan)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Summer_tanager
https://txtbba.tamu.edu/species-accounts/summer-tanager/ (Texas Breeding Bird Atlas)
https://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/summer-tanager
https://identify.whatbird.com/obj/576/_/Summer_Tanager.aspx

Summer Tanager, male - Hephzibah, GA - Aug. 2011 - photo by Ospr3yy
Summer Tanager, male – Hephzibah, GA – Aug. 2011 – photo by Ospr3yy
Summer Tanager male, back view - San Diego, CA - Apr. 2011 - photo by Mike and Chris
Summer Tanager male, back view – San Diego, CA – Apr. 2011 – photo by Mike and Chris
Summer Tanager, female - Armenia, Columbia - Nov. 2014 - photo by Alejandro Bayer Tamayo
Summer Tanager, female – Armenia, Columbia – Nov. 2014 – photo by Alejandro Bayer Tamayo

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