RED-EYED VIREO

RED-EYED VIREO(Vireo olivaceus)
DESCRIPTION: The Red-eyed Vireo has olive green top parts, and white under parts. The eyes are red as the name implies. The bill is black. Head crown is grey. There is a white band above the eye. It is a small passerine at 13 cm (5 inches) long.
VOICE: https://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Vireo-olivaceus – Tireless singer with an apparent record of 20,000 songs a day.
NAME:  The English and Latin genus names ‘vireo’ means ‘green’, and the Latin species name ‘olivaceus’ also refers to the color green.
HABITAT: Forest, prefers broad leaf trees.
DIET: Insects, especially caterpillars, also berries in the winter.
NESTING: The cup-shaped nest is placed on a tree branch. Nest location protects from parasitic Brown-headed Cowbird. Two to five white eggs are laid, incubated by the female. Chicks fed by both parents.
DISTRIBUTION: Breeds through most of Canada and the USA. Winters in South America, mainly the Amazon valley.
ON PEI: Breeds in Prince Edward Island, very common in spring and summer.
CONSERVATION: Widespread and abundant, not at risk.
SIMILAR SPECIES: Philadelphia Vireo, Tennessee Warbler, Warbling Vireo
REFERENCES: https://www.borealbirds.org/bird/red-eyed-vireo
https://www.mba-aom.ca/jsp/toc.jsp (Maritimes Breeding Bird Atlas)
https://nature.mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/red-eyed-vireo (Missouri Department of Conservation)
http://fieldguide.mt.gov/speciesDetail.aspx?elcode=ABPBW01240 (Montana Field Guide)
https://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/red-eyed-vireo
https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Vireo_olivaceus/ (University of Michigan)
https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Red-eyed_Vireo/id

Red-eyed Vireo - Homestead Trail, PEI - June 15, 2013
Red-eyed Vireo – Homestead Trail, PEI – June 15, 2013 – Roberta Palmer
Red-eyed vireo, front view - Homestead Trail, PEI - June 15, 2013
Red-eyed vireo, front view – Homestead Trail, PEI – June 15, 2013 – Roberta Palmer
This Red-eyed vireo got stunned from hitting a window - Margate area - July 19, 2015 - by Chris Rice
This Red-eyed vireo got stunned from hitting a window – Margate area – July 19, 2015 – by Chris Rice

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