GOLDEN-CROWNED KINGLET – (Regulus satrapa)
The Golden-crowned kinglet, at around 10 cm (4 in.) long, is one of the smallest passerine birds in North America. The male has an orange patch in the middle of a golden yellow crown, which is surrounded by a black band. There’s also a small black band across the eye. The upper parts in the adults are olive green with some grey, and the under parts are light grey. The bill is small and black. There is a thin white wing band.
The latin name ‘regulus’ means ‘little prince’, and ‘satrapa’ refers to a king surrogate or governor in ancient times.
The golden-crown kinglet habitat is mainly the coniferous forest, where they search for insects usually high in the trees, so they’re easier to hear than see. In the winter they will eat seeds.
This bird is able, in spite of the short nesting season, to raise two broods, with the male feeding the fledglings of the first while the female incubates the second. Busy family!
The golden-crowned kinglet breeds on PEI as well as in Canada mid-latitudes, and is a year-round resident on the island for the most part. It is widespread across Canada and the USA.