BULLOCK’S ORIOLE

BULLOCK’S ORIOLE (Icterus bullockii) – (See images below)
DESCRIPTION: The Bullock’s Oriole male has a bright orange face, neck and under parts. Head crown, back and wings are black. Wings have a white patch. Throat is black. There is a black bar across the eye, which is black. Tail is black. Bill and legs are grey. Female has a dull orange face, breast and tail. Crown and back are grey-brown. Bird length is around 18 cm (7 inches).
VOICE: https://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Icterus-bullockii
NAME: ‘Oriole’ means ‘golden’. English name ‘Bullock’s’ (and Latin species name ‘bullockii’) given to the bird in honor of English naturalist William Bullock. Latin genus name ‘Icterus’ refers both to a yellow bird and the disease ‘jaundice’.
HABITAT: Mature open woodlands, parks, orchards.
DIET: Insects, arthropods, nectar, fruit.
NESTING: Nest is a woven bowl-shaped structure hanging from a branch (to discourage predators). An average of three to six light blue eggs are laid, incubated by the female. Chicks fed by both parents.
DISTRIBUTION: Breeding range covers western USA and north Mexico. Winters in Mexico.
Distribution Map: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bullock%27s_oriole#/media/File:Icterus_bullockii_map.svg
ON PEI: Does not breed on Prince Edward Island, occasionally observed in spring and summer.
CONSERVATION: Widespread and common, not at risk.
NOTES: Here’s the story of a female vagrant that ended up in Ontario and was returned to British Columbia.
SIMILAR SPECIES: Baltimore Oriole, Orchard Oriole
REFERENCES: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bullock%27s_oriole
http://fieldguide.mt.gov/speciesDetail.aspx?elcode=ABPBXB9220 (Montana Field Guide)
https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Icterus_bullockii/ (University of Michigan)
https://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/bullocks-oriole
https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Bullocks_Oriole/id
https://identify.whatbird.com/obj/174/overview/Bullocks_Oriole.aspx
https://txtbba.tamu.edu/species-accounts/bullocks-oriole/ (Texas Breeding Bird Atlas)

Bullock's Oriole, male - Atascadero Lake, CA - Apr. 2008 - photo by Kevin Cole
Bullock’s Oriole, male – Atascadero Lake, CA – Apr. 2008 – photo by Kevin Cole
Bullock's Oriole, female - Del Rio, Texas - July 2006 - photo by Clinton and Charles Robertson
Bullock’s Oriole, female – Del Rio, Texas – July 2006 – photo by Clinton and Charles Robertson
Bullock's Oriole nests - near San Jose, CA - Dec. 2008 - photo by Eugene Zelenko
Bullock’s Oriole nests – near San Jose, CA – Dec. 2008 – photo by Eugene Zelenko

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