BOREAL CHICKADEE – (Poecile hudsonicus)
The Boreal chickadee is part of the tit family of passerine birds. It is a small bird at about 10 cm (5 in.) long, including the tail. Chickadees have small bills fit for a varied diet of insects and seeds. What tells the boreal chickadee apart from the Black-capped chickadee is the brown cap and the rufous sides in the former. The back also is brown, as well as the throat. It has white cheeks and the under parts are whitish.
Chickadees are known to hide food, whether seeds or insects, a good precaution in their sometimes harsh environment. The boreal chickadee is attracted to bird feeders. In order to extract the kernel from large seeds such as sunflower, chickadees hold them between their feet and hammer at the seeds with their bill.
The boreal chickadee breeds in PEI and is fairly common. It does not migrate from its territory, which is in the coniferous forests of Canada and the northern states of the USA.