BOREAL CHICKADEE

BOREAL CHICKADEE(Poecile hudsonicus) – (See images below)
DESCRIPTION: The Boreal Chickadee is a small passerine bird with a brown cap and rufous sides. The back is brown, as well as the throat. The wings and tail are grey. It has white cheeks and the under parts are whitish. The short bill is black. The legs and feet are dark grey. Sexes are similar. It is a small bird at about 10 cm (5 inches) long.
VOICE: https://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Poecile-hudsonicus
NAME:The English name ‘Boreal’ refers to the bird’s habitat, and ‘Chickadee’ is an onomatopoeia for the bird’s signature song. The Latin genus name ‘Poecile’ is from ancient Greek and means ‘colorful’. As for the Latin species name ‘hudsonicus’, it means from ‘Hudson’s Bay’.
HABITAT: Coniferous forests near water.
DIET: Seeds and insects.  Attracted to bird feeders.
NESTING: The nest is built in a tree cavity. About five to eight eggs are laid, incubated by the female, who also is the parents that feeds the chicks at first.
DISTRIBUTION: The boreal chickadee is a year-round resident in most of Canada up to the tree line, and also along the northern USA close to Canada.
DISTRIBUTION MAP: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boreal_chickadee#/media/File:Poecile_hudsonicus_distribution_map.png
ON PEI: The boreal chickadee is a year-round resident on Prince Edward Island and is fairly common.
CONSERVATION: The population of this chickadee appears to have increased in the last few decades and the species is currently not considered at risk.
NOTES: Chickadees are known to hoard food, whether seeds or insects. In order to extract the kernel from large seeds such as sunflower, chickadees hold them between their feet and hammer at the seeds with their bill.
SIMILAR SPECIES: Black-capped Chickadee
REFERENCES: https://www.borealbirds.org/bird/boreal-chickadee
https://www.mba-aom.ca/jsp/toc.jsp (Maritimes Breeding Bird Atlas)
https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Boreal_Chickadee/id
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boreal_chickadee
https://identify.whatbird.com/obj/815/overview/Boreal_Chickadee.aspx
Minnesota Breeding Bird Atlas (Boreal Chickadee)

Boreal chickadee - Darnley area - Nov. 9, 2016 - by Chris Rice
Boreal chickadee – Darnley area – Nov. 9, 2016 – by Chris Rice
Boreal Chickadee close up - Darnley area, PEI - Nov. 9, 2016
Boreal Chickadee close up – Darnley area, PEI – Nov. 9, 2016 – Chris Rice
Boreal Chickadee - Sea View area, PEI - Oct. 20, 2017 - © Chris Rice
Boreal Chickadee – Sea View area, PEI – Oct. 20, 2017 – Chris Rice

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