BIRDS BREEDING ON PEI

LIST OF BIRDS BREEDING ON PEI – by English name

This information is drawn (with permission) from the Field Checklist of Birds (8th Edition) 2014, published by the Prince Edward Island Department of Agriculture and Forestry. (Please click on Field Checklist of Birds – 8th Edition – 2014 for a copy of the checklist in .pdf format.)

There are 153 BIRD SPECIES breeding on PEI.
To access the profile for each bird (description, photo(s) and sometimes video(s)) please check the PEI Bird Index by English Name, or the Taxonomic List of Birds of PEI.
Because a bird species is known to breed on PEI, this does NOT necessarily mean that this species is common.

Since sometimes a bird can be known under more than one English name, to prevent any confusion the Latin name of the bird is provided in brackets.

ALDER FLYCATCHER(Empidonax alnorum)
AMERICAN BITTERN (Botaurus lentiginosus)
AMERICAN BLACK DUCK (Anas rubripes)
AMERICAN COOT(Fulica americana)
AMERICAN CROW (Corvus brachyrhynchos)
AMERICAN GOLDFINCH (Spinus tristis)
AMERICAN KESTREL (Falco sparverius)
AMERICAN REDSTART(Setophaga ruticilla)
AMERICAN ROBIN (Turdus migratorius)
AMERICAN THREE-TOED WOODPECKER (Picoides dorsalis)
AMERICAN WIGEON (Anas americana)
AMERICAN WOODCOCK (Scolopax minor)
ARCTIC TERN(Sterna paradisaea)

BALD EAGLE (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
BALTIMORE ORIOLE (Icterus galbula)
BANK SWALLOW(Riparia riparia)
BARN SWALLOW(Hirundo rustica)
BARRED OWL(Strix varia)
BAY-BREASTED WARBLER(Setophaga castanea)
BELTED KINGFISHER (Megaceryle alcyon)
BLACK AND WHITE WARBLER(Mniotilta varia)
BLACK GUILLEMOT(Cepphus grylle)
BLACK-BACKED WOODPECKER(Picoides arcticus)
BLACK-BILLED CUCKOO(Coccyzus erythropthalmus)
BLACK-CAPPED CHICKADEE (Poecile atricapillus)
BLACK-THROATED BLUE WARBLER(Setophaga caerulescens)
BLACK-THROATED GREEN WARBLER(Setophaga virens)
BLACKBURNIAN WARBLER (Setophaga fusca)
BLUE JAY (Cyanocitta cristata)
BLUE-HEADED VIREO(Vireo solitarius)
BLUE-WINGED TEAL (Anas discors)
BOBOLINK (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)
BOREAL CHICKADEE(Poecile hudsonicus)
BROWN CREEPER(Certhia americana)
BROWN-HEADED COWBIRD (Molothrus ater)

CANADA GOOSE (Branta canadensis)
CANADA WARBLER(Cardellina canadensis)
CAPE MAY WARBLER(Setophaga tigrina)
CEDAR WAXWING (Bombycilla cedrorum)
CHESTNUT-SIDED WARBLER (Setophaga pensylvanica)
CHIPPING SPARROW(Spizella passerina)
CLIFF SWALLOW(Petrochelidon pyrrhonota)
COMMON GALLINULE(Gallinula galeata)
COMMON GRACKLE (Quiscalus quiscula)
COMMON LOON(Gavia immer)
COMMON MERGANSER(Mergus merganser)
COMMON NIGHTHAWK (Chordeiles minor)
COMMON RAVEN (Corvus corax)
COMMON TERN(Sterna hirundo)
COMMON YELLOWTHROAT(Geothlypis trichas)

DARK-EYED JUNCO (Junco hyemalis)
DOUBLE-CRESTED CORMORANT (Phalacrocorax auritus)
DOWNY WOODPECKER (Picoides pubescens)

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EASTERN BLUEBIRD (Sialia sialis)
EASTERN KINGBIRD (Tyrannus tyrannus)
EASTERN WOOD PEWEE(Contopus virens)
EUROPEAN STARLING (Sturnus vulgaris)
EVENING GROSBEAK(Coccothraustes vespertinus)

FOX SPARROW(Passerella iliaca)

GADWALL(Anas strepera)
GOLDEN-CROWNED KINGLET(Regulus satrapa)
GREAT BLUE HERON (Ardea herodias)
GREAT CORMORANT(Phalacrocorax carbo)
GREAT CRESTED FLYCATCHER(Myiarchus crinitus)
GREAT HORNED OWL(Bubo virginianus)
GREATER SCAUP (Aythya marila)
GREEN-WINGED TEAL(Anas carolinensis)
GREY CATBIRD (Dumetella carolinensis)
GREY JAY (Perisoreus canadensis)
GRAY PARTRIDGE(Perdix perdix)
GREAT BLACK-BACKED GULL (Larus marinus)

HAIRY WOODPECKER (Dryobates villosus)
HERMIT THRUSH(Cattarus guttatus)
HERRING GULL (Larus smithsonianus)
HOODED MERGANSER(Lophodytes cucullatus)
HORNED LARK(Eremophila alpestris)
HOUSE FINCH (Haemorhous mexicanus)
HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus)

KILLDEER(Charadrius vociferus)

LEAST FLYCATCHER(Empidonax minimus)
LINCOLN’S SPARROW(Melospiza lincolnii)
LONG-EARED OWL(Asio otus)

MAGNOLIA WARBLER(Setophaga magnolia)
MALLARD – (Anas platyrhynchos)
MERLIN (Falco columbarius)
MOURNING DOVE (Zenaida macroura)
MOURNING WARBLER(Geothlypis philadelphia)

NASHVILLE WARBLER(Oreothlypis ruficapilla)
NELSON’S SPARROW (Ammodramus nelsoni)
NORTHERN FLICKER (Colaptes auratus)
NORTHERN GOSHAWK(Accipiter gentilis)
NORTHERN HARRIER – (Circus hudsonius)
NORTHERN MOCKINGBIRD (Mimus polyglottos)
NORTHERN PARULA(Setophaga americana)
NORTHERN PINTAIL (Anas acuta)
NORTHERN SAW-WHET OWL(Aegolius acadicus)
NORTHERN SHOVELER(Anas clypeata)
NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH(Parkesia noveboracensis)

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OLIVE-SIDED FLYCATCHER(Contopus cooperi)
OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus)
OVENBIRD(Seiurus aurocapilla)

PALM WARBLER(Setophaga palmarum)
PHILADELPHIA VIREO(Vireo philadelphicus)
PIED-BILLED GREBE(Podilymbus podiceps)
PILEATED WOODPECKER(Dryocopus pileatus)
PINE GROSBEAK (pinicola enucleator)
PINE SISKIN(Spinus pinus)
PIPING PLOVER(Charadrius melodus)
PURPLE FINCH (Haemorhous purpureus)

RED CROSSBILL(Loxia curvirostra)
RED-BREASTED MERGANSER(Mergus serrator)
RED-BREASTED NUTHATCH (Sitta canadensis)
RED-EYED VIREO(Vireo olivaceus)
RED-TAILED HAWK (Buteo jamaicensis)
RED-WINGED BLACKBIRD (Agelaius phoeniceus)
RING-BILLED GULL (Larus delawarensis)
RING-NECKED DUCK(Aythia collaris)
RING NECKED PHEASANT(Phasianus colchicus)
ROCK PIGEON (Columbia livia)
ROSE-BREASTED GROSBEAK (Pheucticus ludovicianus)
RUBY-CROWNED KINGLET (Regulus calendula)
RUBY-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD (Archilochus colibris)
RUDDY DUCK(Oxyura jamaicensis)
RUFFED GROUSE(Bonasa umbellus)
RUSTY BLACKBIRD(Euphagus carolinus)

SAVANNAH SPARROW(Passerculus sandwichensis)
SEMI-PALMATED PLOVER (Charadrius semipalmatus)
SHARP-SHINNED HAWK(Accipiter striatus)
SHARP-TAILED GROUSE(Tympanuchus phasianellus)
SHORT-EARED OWL(Asio flammeus)
SONG SPARROW (Melospiza melodia)
SORA (Porzana carolina)
SPOTTED SANDPIPER(Actitis macularius)
SWAINSON’S THRUSH(Catharus ustulatus)
SWAMP SPARROW(Melospiza georgiana)

TENNESSEE WARBLER(Oreothlypis peregrina)
TREE SWALLOW(Tachycineta bicolor)

UPLAND SANDPIPER(Bartramia longicauda)

VEERY(Catharus fuscescens)
VESPER SPARROW(Pooecetes gramineus)
VIRGINIA RAIL(Rallus limicola)

WHITE-BREASTED NUTHATCH (Sitta carolinensis)
WHITE-THROATED SPARROW (Zonotrichia albicollis)
WHITE-WINGED CROSSBILL(Loxia leucoptera)
WILLET(Tringa semipalmata)
WILSON’S SNIPE(Gallinago delicata)
WINTER WREN(Troglodytes hiemalis)
WOOD DUCK (Aix sponsa)

YELLOW WARBLER(Setophaga petechia)
YELLOW-BELLIED FLYCATCHER(Empidonax flaviventris)
YELLOW-BELLIED SAPSUCKER (sphyrapicus varius)
YELLOW-RUMPED WARBLER(Setophaga coronata)
YELLOW-THROATED VIREO – (Vireo flavifrons)

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