ALDER FLYCATCHER

ALDER FLYCATCHER(Empidonax alnorum)
DESCRIPTION: The Alder Flycatcher and is olive green on its upper parts with two white bands on the wings. The under parts are whitish. The bill, eyes, legs and feet are charcoal. Sexes are similar. This bird is about 15 cm (6 inches) long.
VOICE: https://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Empidonax-alnorum
NAME: This bird has a very straightforward name: ‘Alder’ for its habitat, and ‘Flycatcher’ for its diet and the way it catches insects. The Latin genus name ‘Empidonax’ means ‘king of the gnats’, and the Latin species name ‘alnorum’ means ‘of the alder’.
HABITAT: Wetlands with alders, maple and birch.
DIET: As the name implies, these birds catch insects on the fly, but they also forage on tree leaves.
NESTING: The nest is located in a thick shrub not far from the ground. About three creamy eggs are laid, incubated by the female. Both parents feed the chicks.
DISTRIBUTION: This bird is a North American species. The breeding range covers most of Canada and Alaska up to the tree line, and northeast USA. During migration it is found in the eastern half of the USA and in Mexico. For the winter it is found in northwest South America.
ON PEI: The alder flycatcher breeds on Prince Edward Island and is common. It is uncommon in the fall and absent in the winter.
CONSERVATION: There has been a decline in the population of this species in Canada over the last few decades, but otherwise this bird is not currently considered at risk.
NOTES: The Alder flycatcher is part of the tyrant family.
SIMILAR SPECIES: This bird is very similar to the Willow Flycatcher, which is found in the same type of habitat – wetlands where willows and alders grow. The only way to tell the two species apart is from their vocalizations.
REFERENCES: https://www.borealbirds.org/bird/alder-flycatcher
https://www.mba-aom.ca/jsp/toc.jsp (Maritimes Breeding Bird Atlas)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alder_flycatcher
https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Alder_Flycatcher/id
https://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/alder-flycatcher
https://identify.whatbird.com/obj/650/overview/Alder_Flycatcher.aspx

Alder flycatcher in the rain - North Rustico, PEI - June 10, 2017 - © Matt Beardsley
Alder flycatcher in the rain – North Rustico, PEI – June 10, 2017 – © Matt Beardsley
Alder flycatcher -Founds Mills area - Aug.25, 2016 - Chris rice
Alder flycatcher -Founds Mills area – Aug.25, 2016 – Chris rice

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